Far from being against the spirit of sport, biological manipulation embodies the human spirit—the capacity to improve ourselves on the basis of reason and judgment.
When we exercise our reason, we do what only humans do.
Much of the writing on the use of drugs in sport is focused on this kind of anecdotal evidence.
There is very little rigorous, objective evidence because the athletes are doing something that is taboo, illegal, and sometimes highly dangerous.
The goal of a horse race is to find the fastest horse. The winner is the one with the best combination of biology, training, and rider. This was the old naturalistic Athenian vision of sport: find the strongest, fastest, or most skilled man. Drugs that improve our natural potential are against the spirit of this model of sport. We can choose what kind of competitor to be, not just through training, but through biological manipulation.
Fire At Sessay - Steroids In Sports Research Paper
Human sport is different from animal sport because it is creative.Studies involving the anabolic steroid androgen showed that, even in doses much lower than those used by athletes, muscular strength could be improved by 5–20%.Most athletes are also relatively unlikely to ever undergo testing.Drugs such as erythropoietin (EPO) and growth hormone are natural chemicals in the body.As technology advances, drugs have become harder to detect because they mimic natural processes. You can use this password for unlimited period and you can share it with your friends! Once you place your order you will receive an email with the password.The recent Olympic games in Athens were the first to follow the introduction of a global anti-doping code. The World Anti-Doping Agency code declares a drug illegal if it is performance enhancing, if it is a health risk, or if it violates the “spirit of sport”. We choose what kind of training to use and how to run our race. We are not flogged by a jockey on our back but drive ourselves.From the lead up to the games to the end of competition, 3000 drug tests were carried out: 2600 urine tests and 400 blood tests for the endurance enhancing drug EPO. Would legal and freely available drugs violate this “spirit”? Human sport is different from sports involving other animals, such as horse or dog racing. It is this judgment that competitors exercise when they choose diet, training, and whether to take drugs.In 1992, Vicky Rabinowicz interviewed small groups of athletes.She found that Olympic athletes, in general, believed that most successful athletes were using banned substances.