Short Essay On Civil Disobedience Movement

Short Essay On Civil Disobedience Movement-79
were dissatisfied with the sudden suspension of the movement.In the election of 1923, the Swaraj Party secured absolute majority in Bengal and Central Provinces. In 1927, the British Government appointed the Simon Commission consisting of seven members of the British Parliament with Sir John Simon as its chairman.Gandhiji and other important leaders of Congress were released from jails in the last week of January 1931.

were dissatisfied with the sudden suspension of the movement.In the election of 1923, the Swaraj Party secured absolute majority in Bengal and Central Provinces. In 1927, the British Government appointed the Simon Commission consisting of seven members of the British Parliament with Sir John Simon as its chairman.Gandhiji and other important leaders of Congress were released from jails in the last week of January 1931.

On 2 March 1930, Gandhiji wrote his famous letter to Lord Irwin, the Viceroy of India, narrating the evils of the British rule, He also communicated the decision to launch the ‘Satyagraha’ campaign by manufacturing salt at Dandi, a village on the sea coast of Gujarat, in case his eleven point demands were turned down by the Government.

Some of these demands were abolition of salt tax, reduction of the land revenue, reduction of military expenditure and expenditure on civil administration, imposition of custom duty on foreign cloth, release of all political prisoners, and prohibition of intoxicants etc.

The Nehru Committee Report suggested for a representative government in India like other dominions such as Canada and Australia.

But the British Government even did not assure a Dominion status for India.

When Lord Irwin did not pay any attention to his demands and warned him of the consequences of his action, Gandhiji was left with no alternative but to start the Civil Disobedience Movement.

Short Essay On Civil Disobedience Movement 6 Page Research Paper

On March 12, 1930, Gandhiji led a march from his Sabarmati Ashram with his 78 followers and reached the sea at Dandi on 5 April 1930. There was tremendous enthusiasm among the people during the march.

Everywhere, the Commission was greeted with hartals, black flags and slogans of Simon Go Back’.

In such a hostile atmosphere, the Commission completed its inquiry and submitted its report.

With this pact, the government indirectly accepted the Congress as the representative organisation of the Indians.

Since the British Government did not accept any important demands of the Congress, the pact was made subject to criticism.

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