There is growing evidence to support the scientific theories indicating that climate change is adversely affecting human health.
However, the impact of climate change on health is quite complex and the same factor may sometimes act as a cause and other times as an effect.
We anticipate that this study will allow us to map the trends observed in publications over the 25-year time period in climate change and health research.
It will also identify the research areas with the highest volume of publications as well as highlight the research trends in climate change and health.
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See: phenomenon of climate change is a reality that is now universally acknowledged and better understood than it was in 1988 when the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) was formed by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and the United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP).Table 1 outlines the research questions to be addressed in undertaking this review.Scoping reviews are a relatively recent method of reviewing evidence-based research, particularly in health and also in other disciplines.16 There is no single definition of what a scoping review consists of.There are direct and indirect mechanisms by which climate change affects our health resulting in numerous health outcomes.The 2014 IPCC report outlines the direct impact from extreme weather and indirect impacts through ecosystem-mediated effects and human system-mediated effects.8 Generating a greater understanding of these health impacts resulting from climate change could be a key step in inciting some of the changes necessary to decelerate global warming.Each iteration of the IPCC report presents evidence from the scientific literature covering the 6–7 years prior to the year of publication with each report covering a different time period.The current literature is lacking a long-term overview of existing scientific literature which addresses all health outcomes in the field of climate change.In this paper we outline our methods to conduct a scoping review of the published peer-reviewed literature on climate change and health between 19.Methods and analysis A detailed search strategy will be used to search the Pub Med and Web of Science databases.We are seeking to fill this void through this scoping review covering 25 years of publications which address the extensive health issues affected by climate change.We will examine the historical trends and identify the research areas which are being addressed in scientific publications.