Portugal, during the 15th century, bought and sold slaves from Africa and Europe.
In the 18th century, the Transatlantic Slave Trade between Europe, Africa, and the Americans facilitated the sale of humans sometimes in exchange for weapons and molasses (Bales, 2005).
Factors that contribute to modern-day trafficking of humans as well as offender, victim, and consumer/customer characteristics will be identified.
Finally, the difficulty in identifying victims of this crime will also be explored along with the criminal justice system’s response to human trafficking.
Trafficking in humans is generally a clandestine crime that tends to remain hidden from police authorities.
Thus, scholars reason that more victims fall prey to this crime than is estimated by official government statistics (Laczko & Gozdziak, 2005).Call federal law enforcement directly to report suspicious activity and get help from the Department of Homeland Security at 1-866-347-2423 (24/7), or submit a tip online at gov/tips, or from the U. Department of Justice at 1-888-428-7581 from am to pm (EST). Discover your Slavery Footprint, and check out the Department of Labor’s List of Goods Produced by Child Labor or Forced Labor.Victims, including undocumented individuals, are eligible for services and immigration assistance. Encourage companies, including your own, to take steps to investigate and eliminate slavery and human trafficking in their supply chains and to publish the information for consumer awareness. Incorporate human trafficking information into your professional associations’ conferences, trainings, manuals, and other materials as relevant. Join or start a grassroots anti-trafficking coalition. Meet with and/or write to your local, state, and federal government representatives to let them know that you care about combating human trafficking in your community, and ask what they are doing to address human trafficking in your area. Distribute public awareness materials available from the Department of Health and Human Services or Department of Homeland Security. Volunteer to do victim outreach or offer your professional services to a local anti-trafficking organization. Donate funds or needed items to an anti-trafficking organization in your area. Organize a fundraiser and donate the proceeds to an anti-trafficking organization. Host an awareness event to watch and discuss a recent human trafficking documentary. Businesses: Provide internships, job skills training, and/or jobs to trafficking survivors. Join or establish a university or secondary school club to raise awareness about human trafficking and initiate action throughout your local community. Because drugs and weapons have a finite usage while humans can be sold multiple times, profits for the sale of humans accrue seemingly infinitely depending on how many occasions a sale is made. There are some scholars who contend, however, that human trafficking may eventually surpass the net profits yielded from the sale of drugs and weapons (Farr, 2005; Shelley, 2005). Learn the red flags that may indicate human trafficking and ask follow up questions so that you can help identify a potential trafficking victim.Human trafficking awareness training is available for individuals,businesses, first responders, law enforcement, and federal employees. In the United States, call the National Human Trafficking Resource Center at 1-888-3737-888 (24/7) to get help and connect with a service provider in your area, report a tip with information on potential human trafficking activity; or learn more by requesting training, technical assistance, or resources.The history of the United States is also immersed in slavery.Prior to the Civil War, it was not uncommon for southern plantation owners to sell their slaves at public auction.Increase scholarship about human trafficking by publishing an article, teaching a class, or hosting a symposium. Law Enforcement Officials: Join or start a local human trafficking task force. Mental Health or Medical Providers: Extend low-cost or free services to human trafficking victims assisted by nearby anti-trafficking organizations.Train your staff on how to identify the indicators of human trafficking and assist victims. Attorneys Look for signs of human trafficking among your clients.