Proper Quotation Essay

Proper Quotation Essay-88
Place any in-text reference notes (see 9.25 In-text notes) at the end of the block, immediately after the period.___________________ If the block quotation begins with a complete sentence—whether or not this was the first sentence of the paragraph in the source document—the first line may be indented further in order to match the format of subsequent paragraphs in the quotation: Material that was already a quotation in the source document or speech should be enclosed in single quotation marks when run into text and in double quotation marks within block quotations.

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The table below shows the corresponding tense and other changes when direct speech is converted to indirect speech: Similarly, material quoted from a letter should carry quotation marks before the first line (usually the salutation) and after the last line (usually the signature), as well as at the beginning of each new paragraph.

However, block quotations would be more appropriate in such cases.

For information on how to use ellipsis points to indicate omissions from quoted passages, see 8.09 Omissions.

(g) In-text notes, that is, author and page number references following a run-in quotation and enclosed in parentheses, should be placed between the closing quotation marks and the required final punctuation: For further information on the use of a comma or colon before opening quotation marks, see 7.18 Quotations, etc. Another way of reproducing someone else’s words without repeating them exactly is through indirect or reported speech. Examples are given at the end of this section following the heading Direct speech / Indirect speech.

Smaller font size is an alternative to single spacing or indentation.

Use a colon at the end of introductory phrases: Note that in this case the source is mentioned at the beginning of the passage and further information is given in footnotes or endnotes.A block quotation set off from the text is not enclosed in quotation marks.However, it requires indentation, single spacing, and double spacing above and below the passage to set it off.(c) At the end of a sentence To represent omission of the last part of a quoted sentence, use four dots, but this time the ellipsis points come first, followed by a period to indicate the end of the sentence: (d) If one or more paragraphs have been omitted, use four dots, that is, three spaced dots immediately following the period at the end of the preceding paragraph.If the next paragraph in the quotation begins with a sentence that does not open a paragraph in the original, it should be preceded by three ellipsis points after the usual indentation.Bear in mind, too, that the excessive use of quotations can mar the appearance of a page and make it difficult for the reader to follow the ideas being presented; it is often better to paraphrase, use indirect speech or give a summary of the ideas concerned in your own words—in each instance accompanied by a footnote providing the source of information.Quotations are justified if the intention is to demonstrate a particular characteristic, style or wording, or to compare quotations; if the material is striking, memorable or well known; or if the quotation itself is an example or proof of what is being discussed, as in the case of legal evidence.Note that the first letter after the ellipsis is capitalized, even though it does not begin a new sentence in the original.In legal writing, indicate any such change by enclosing the capitalized letter in square brackets.Because the run-in format does not require indentation, the writer enjoys some latitude in positioning the clause or phrase that introduces the quotation, also called the annunciatory element.Note that when a quotation is interrupted by other matter, the quotation marks are repeated before and after each part of the quotation: If you decide to insert the annunciatory clause between two items that were separate sentences in the original or have become separate sentences in the quotation, capitalize the first word of the second sentence, Note that if several changes of this kind need to be made within the same quotation, the material should be presented entirely in indirect speech (see 8.04 Indirect (reported) speech).


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