Whereas human beings need nourishment like plants and have sentience like animals, their distinctive function, says Aristotle, is their unique capacity to reason.Tags: Essay DatabaseZara Fast Fashion Case Study AnswersRisk Management Plan For Small BusinessResearch Paper On Abortion And EthicsBest Way To Start A Descriptive EssayBest Written Cover LettersCivil War Reconstruction Failure EssayEssay About Hopes And Dreams
Unfortunately, this is something most people are not able to overcome n themselves.
As he explains, “The mass of mankind are evidently quite slavish in their tastes, preferring a life suitable to beasts” (Nicomachean Ethics, 1095b 20).
This requires us to make choices, some of which may be very challenging.
Often the lesser good promises immediate pleasure and is more tempting, while the greater good is painful and requires some sort of sacrifice.
the function of man is to live a certain kind of life, and this activity implies a rational principle, and the function of a good man is the good and noble performance of these, and if any action is well performed it is performed in accord with the appropriate excellence: if this is the case, then happiness turns out to be an activity of the soul in accordance with virtue. In this quote we can see of Aristotle’s theory link between the concepts of happiness and virtue.
Aristotle tells us that the most important factor in the effort to chieve happiness is to have a good moral character, what he calls “complete virtue.What, asks Aristotle, is this goal that is an end-in-itself? And of this nature happiness is mostly thought to be, for this we choose always for its own sake, and never with a view to anything further: whereas honour, pleasure, intellect, in fact every excellence we choose for their own sakes, it is true, but we choose them also with a view to happiness, conceiving that through their instrumentality we shall be happy: but no man chooses happiness with a view to them, nor in fact with a view to any other thing whatsoever. For Aristotle, it is by understanding the distinctive function of a thing that one can understand its essence.Thus, one cannot understand what it is to be a gardener unless one can understand that the distinctive function of a gardener is ‘to tend to a garden with a certain degree of skill’.In order to achieve the life of complete virtue, we need to make the right choices, and this involves keeping our eye on the future, on the ultimate result we want for our lives as a whole.We will not achieve happiness simply by enjoying the pleasures of the moment.Later in the Ethics Aristotle draws attention to the concept of akrasia, or weakness of the will.In many cases the overwhelming prospect of some great pleasure obscures one’s perception of what is truly good., the philosopher Aristotle tries to discover what is ‘the supreme good for man’, that is, what is the best way to lead our life and give it meaning.For Aristotle, a thing is best understood by looking at its end, purpose, or goal.For this reason, happiness is more a question of behaviour and of habit—of virtue—than of luck; a person who cultivates such behaviours and habits is able to bear his misfortunes with balance and perspective, and thus can never be said to be truly unhappy.“Happiness depends on ourselves,” according to Aristotle.