Lenin disagreed with Stalin’s tactics in Georgia, and right before his death dictated notes in his Testament warning of Stalin’s excessive ambition and obsession with power, and advised that he be removed from the General Secretary position.However, Lenin died shortly thereafter and Stalin allied himself with several other Politburo members to suppress Lenin’s Testament and remain in a position of power.
The new urban working class that lived and worked in terrible conditions throughout Europe got fed up with their life of squalor as they saw upper-class citizens (the bourgeois as Marx labeled them in the Manifesto) living lives of luxury.
The ideas and goals of communism appealed strongly to the revolutionaries even after the 1848 revolutions collapsed.
The military quickly lost control of the situation, and the Czar was forced to abdicate.
The Imperial Parliament formed a provisional government, but Vladimir Lenin’s Bolshevik party overthrew it in October 1917.
The first revolution began when the Russian army was sent in to control a protest led by factory workers who had recently lost their jobs.
Joseph Stalin Research Paper
However, the army did not follow the Czar’s orders and many soldiers defected and protested in solidarity with the workers.
Following the end of the war in 1921, Lenin established the New Economic Policy, which allowed for private businesses and a market economy, despite its direct contradiction with Marxist ideology.
He also annexed Armenia, Georgia and Azerbaijan to provide geographic and political protection from the Party’s political and ideological enemies. After his death, several members of the Communist Party’s executive committee, the Politburo, vied for control of the government.
His plan for national economic recovery, the GOLERO Plan was the first of this type and was designed to stimulate the economy by brining electricity to the whole of Russia.
Lenin established a national free healthcare system and free public education.