This article attempts to give a broad overview of all key areas of Locke’s thought.
John Locke was born in 1632 in Wrington, a small village in southwestern England.
He formed a close working relationship with Thomas Sydenham, who later became one the most famous physicians of the age.
He made a number of contacts within the newly formed Royal Society and became a member in 1668.
He uses a theory of natural rights to argue that governments have obligations to their citizens, have only limited powers over their citizens, and can ultimately be overthrown by citizens under certain circumstances.
He also provided powerful arguments in favor of religious toleration.Locke's method is closely related to what is now known as scaffolding — a metaphor that describes the support offered by educators in assisting learners to achieve learning outcomes.It is characterized by the explicit training of skills and knowledge targeting specific individuals, small groups or, where appropriate, whole classes.Prior knowledge of the subject matter or the learning environment can help the learners regulate by providing a ready scaffold (stepping stone or learning aid) for new knowledge, or by making the learning environment easier to use so it doesn't displace the subject matter as the object of study. He is often regarded as the founder of a school of thought known as British Empiricism, and he made foundational contributions to modern theories of limited, liberal government.His father, also named John, was a legal clerk and served with the Parliamentary forces in the English Civil War.His family was well-to-do, but not of particularly high social or economic standing.He also undertook the normal course of education and training to become a physician.Locke left Oxford for London in 1667 where he became attached to the family of Anthony Ashley Cooper (then Lord Ashley, later the Earl of Shaftesbury).Locke spent his childhood in the West Country and as a teenager was sent to Westminster School in London.Locke was successful at Westminster and earned a place at Christ Church, Oxford. Although he had little appreciation for the traditional scholastic philosophy he learned there, Locke was successful as a student and after completing his undergraduate degree he held a series of administrative and academic posts in the college.