The conclusion is that, contrary to common belief, personal ethics mean little when pitted against authority.
Current theories focus on personal characteristics to explain wrong-doing and how someone can intentionally harm others.
For example, if you were performing educational research, you may assume that all students at the same school are from a very similar socio-economic background, with randomization smoothing out any variables.
By alerting the reader to the fact that these assumptions have been made, you are giving them the opportunity to interpret and assess the results themselves.
After all, a weakness in your paper might later inspire another research question, so be very clear about your assumptions early on.
The text in this article is licensed under the Creative Commons-License Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0).This means you're free to copy, share and adapt any parts (or all) of the text in the article, as long as you give appropriate credit and provide a link/reference to this page. You don't need our permission to copy the article; just include a link/reference back to this page.You can use it freely (with some kind of link), and we're also okay with people reprinting in publications like books, blogs, newsletters, course-material, papers, wikipedia and presentations (with clear attribution).Can people be ordered to act against their moral convictions?The experiment will test whether a person can keep administering painful electric shocks to another person just because they are ordered to do so.A behavioral science paper only needs to mention Pavlov and Skinner in passing, as their theories are standard for any first year undergraduate.Like in any good Hollywood movie, the first task of the introduction is to set the scene.As long as you warn the reader about this, so that they are aware of the shortcomings, then they can easily judge the validity of the research for themselves.This is much better than making them wait until you point the weaknesses out in the discussion.It can be a tricky part of the paper to write, so many scientists and researchers prefer to write it last, to make sure they haven’t missed anything important.For a longer research paper, where you use an outline, it can be useful to structure your introduction around the outline. The introduction gives an overall review of the paper, but does address a few slightly different issues from the abstract.