Addressing climate change through engineering innovation. Six of the 10 cities with the largest annual flood costs by 2050 are in India and China. Improving our health and well-being through life sciences, nanotechnology & bio-engineering.
Administration on Aging, by 2060 the population of Americans aged 65 and older will have more than doubled in size from 2011.
Geniuses are rarely the best teachers, the best critics, or the best explainers.
So it's rare to come across a genius's account of "how genius works." But such accounts do exist, and we were lucky enough to unearth one near the end of our research into the life of Claude Shannon (1916-2001), the intellectual architect of the information age.
Step one, Shannon said, you should approach a problem — any problem — by simplifying: "Almost every problem that you come across is befuddled with all kinds of extraneous data of one sort or another; and if you can bring this problem down into the main issues, you can see more clearly what you're trying to do." Shannon's information theory, for instance, began with a colossal simplification: It treated every source of information, from a TV broadcast to a gene, as fundamentally the same.
All of the information that they send can be measured in the same unit — the bit — and they can all be studied as instances of the same basic process of encoding, transmitting, and decoding.
Engineers must learn new ways to solve problems in these countries.3. Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy, manufacturing in the U. produced 19,237 trillion BTUs and 1,071 million metric tons of carbon dioxide.4. The contributions to our energy production from renewables and other new fuel sources are growing at 6% per year according to BP and will contribute 45% of the increment in energy production by 2035.5. Meanwhile, according to a UCLA study, 40% of students enrolled as STEM majors switched subjects or failed to get a degree.7.
The Renewable Resources Journal reports that the world’s population will grow by 2 billion over the next two decades, 95% of this in developing or underdeveloped countries. Europe leads the way in sustainability, with seven out of the world’s top 10 most sustainable cities, according to the ARCADIS Sustainable Cities Index.6. By 2018, the United States will have more than 1.2 million unfilled STEM jobs.
Promoting green engineering to improve sustainability and reduce the carbon footprint in manufacturing. Safeguarding our personal data and wealth from cyberattacks. warns that we must produce 60% more food by 2050 to keep up with demand, but how do we do this sustainably?
34% of data breaches happen at financial institutions; 11% target retail companies; while 13% target government institutions, according to the 2014 Data Breach Investigation Report.8. Feeding our growing population through cutting-edge bio-engineering and agricultural innovations. Food and water access will be major issues in the future, and research must begin now.10.