Health Social Class Essays

Health Social Class Essays-70
Similarly, substance abuse during pregnancy such as alcohol consumption can lead to less than optimal foetal development such as foetal alcohol syndrome which can result in poor growth, behavioural problems related to attention, and a weak immune system for the child (Smith and Graden, 1998 ). American Journal of Public Health, 96 (10), 1821-1828. Stress- related immune suppression: Health implications. Moreover, the schooling environment is important for the development of self-esteem and therefore positive health behaviour (Currie et al. Other researchers have found that students who perceive their school as supportive often engage in positive health behaviours and report high levels of life satisfaction (Roberts et al. This suggests that the schooling environment which provides a form of secondary socialisation plays a crucial role in the development and maintenance of a child’s mental health. Stress, coping, and disturbed eating patterns in teenage girls. Glaser, R., Rice, J., Sheridan, J., Fertel, R., Stout, J., Speicher, C., ... Social exclusion can come in the form of unemployment, discrimination and stigmatization. Courtois, R., Réveillère, C., Paus, A., Berton L., & Jouint, C. Links between stressors, mental health and first use of tobacco and alcohol in preadolescence.

Similarly, substance abuse during pregnancy such as alcohol consumption can lead to less than optimal foetal development such as foetal alcohol syndrome which can result in poor growth, behavioural problems related to attention, and a weak immune system for the child (Smith and Graden, 1998 ). American Journal of Public Health, 96 (10), 1821-1828. Stress- related immune suppression: Health implications. Moreover, the schooling environment is important for the development of self-esteem and therefore positive health behaviour (Currie et al. Other researchers have found that students who perceive their school as supportive often engage in positive health behaviours and report high levels of life satisfaction (Roberts et al. This suggests that the schooling environment which provides a form of secondary socialisation plays a crucial role in the development and maintenance of a child’s mental health. Stress, coping, and disturbed eating patterns in teenage girls. Glaser, R., Rice, J., Sheridan, J., Fertel, R., Stout, J., Speicher, C., ... Social exclusion can come in the form of unemployment, discrimination and stigmatization. Courtois, R., Réveillère, C., Paus, A., Berton L., & Jouint, C. Links between stressors, mental health and first use of tobacco and alcohol in preadolescence.

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Social inequalities within education can lead to inequalities in health, in that poorer education often leads to poorer health and risk of illness (also referred to as an education gradient).

Culter et al (2006) found that better educated people had lower morbidity rates from the most common acute and chronic diseases.

Rodriguez (1997) found that unemployed persons or people not receiving unemployment benefits were at greater risk of reporting depression.

However, other researchers have found unemployment to have more of an impact on the mental health of men compared to women (Artazcoz et al. This may be due to gender differences in family responsibilities between men and women, especially those from working class backgrounds where the male is often portrayed as the male-breadwinner and the female as the child-bearer.

Researchers have shown a positive correlation between peer pressure and the consumption of alcohol among a sample of adolescents (Simons-Morton et al. Qualitative research conducted by Karimi-Shahanjarini et al (2010) showed how Iranian females were more likely to identify peer pressure as one of the main reasons for their unhealthy snacking.

Over time socio-economic factors such as socioeconomic status (SES) which is measured through education, income and occupation begin to have a substantial impact on health.

Indeed, Fryer et al (1997) found that low self-esteem and poor coping skills were associated with unhealthy eating attitudes in adolescents.

Similarly, other researchers have found similar results in that avoidant coping and low self-esteem are associated with unhealthy eating behaviours in adolescents (Cartwright et al, 2003).

Job insecurity may lead to stress as the individual would ruminate and worry about their powerless position and possible job loss (Burgand et al. This could be even more detrimental than actual job loss because it is not socially visible or easy to employ coping strategies due to the ambiguity of employment.

In the short term, job insecurity could affect people emotionally (feeling anxious and dissatisfied), physiologically (elevated heart rate), and behaviourally (being absent and showing lack of concentration) and this could eventually manifest into long term adverse consequences for the mental and physical health of an individual (Sverke et al. Moreover, social exclusion and absolute poverty can have detrimental effects on health.

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