Since 1894 he had been pleading with the colonial regime for the removal of iniquitous curbs and disabilities from which Indian immigrants in Natal and Transvaal suffered. In 1906 an exceptionally humiliating law was enacted for registration of Indians in the Transvaal; Gandhi found he had reached a dead end.The colonial government in Pretoria, supported by the dominant European community, was adamant; the Government of India was indifferent, and the imperial government in London reluctant to intervene.
Gandhi became a leader of India's independence movement and also the architect of a form of civil disobedience that would influence the world, organizing to combine against British institutions in peaceful forms of civil disobedience. Even after his death, Gandhi's commitment to non-violence and his belief in simple living like, making his own clothes, eating a vegetarian diet and using fasts for self-purification as well as a means of protest have been a guiding of hope for care and influence people throughout the world.
Power of language More than anything else, historians say, Gandhi proved that one man has the power to take on an empire, using both ethics and intelligence.
King’s notion of nonviolence had six key principles.
First, one can resist evil without resorting to violence.
King called the principle of nonviolent resistance the “guiding light of our movement.
Christ furnished the spirit and motivation while Gandhi furnished the method” ( 3).
A stage was reached in Gandhi's agitation when something more than reasoning and persuasion were demanded.
It was at this critical juncture that he stumbled upon a new technique of fighting social and political injustice. Its principles were to gradually evolve in the ensuing years; its author was a man for whom theory was the handmaiden of action.
Both “morally and practically” committed to nonviolence, King believed that “the Christian doctrine of love operating through the Gandhian method of nonviolence was one of the most potent weapons available to oppressed people in their struggle for freedom” (King, , 73). Johnson, who had recently traveled to India, spoke about the life and teachings of Mohandas K. Gandhi, King later wrote, was the first person to transform Christian love into a powerful force for social change.
In 1950, as a student at Crozer Theological Seminary, King heard a talk by Dr. Gandhi’s stress on love and nonviolence gave King “the method for social reform that I had been seeking” (King, , 79).