Freud Civilization And Its Discontents Essay

In this book, Freud also looks into the conflicting nature of civilized man.

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Consequently, Freud argues that the reason for most mental illness is man's inability to deal with the realities of civilized society.In this work, Freud expounds on his earlier work on the sense of guilt of the superego.He postulates that this sense of guilt is the source of all human civilization.Rather, it is driven by the desire to oppose this primal aggressive nature of man.Freud's argues that man's destructive drive is especially strong, this theory gained traction due to the advent of the First World War.The first chapter of Freud's book begins with a criticism of religion.Freud views religion as a way in which human being deal with psychological issues that constantly face them.Thus the superego of an individual, through conditioning in the earlier stages of life cause an individual to self-sanction.To explain the development of the conscience as abase for civilization. Freud argues guilt, and hence the conscience derives from the primal man's murder of the original father figure.Freud argues that for man to share in the joys of civilization, feelings of aggression are turned towards oneself. Consequently, the superego allows the individual to share in society.However, these feelings may be turned outwards, which results in war.


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