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Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article.Join Britannica's Publishing Partner Program and our community of experts to gain a global audience for your work! Eugene Smith, in full William Eugene Smith, byname Gene Smith, (born December 20, 1918, Wichita, Kansas, U.Salt was thrown into the wounds he and his mother endured when the news of the town used the story and twisted the death into a falsity.
He left college after one year to go to New York City.
In 1942 Smith became a war correspondent for magazine and covered many of the most important battles of the Pacific, including Tarawa, Saipan, Guam, and Iwo Jima.
(1951), contains many of his most memorable prints.
Smith lived in the village on and off for many months, and the understanding and empathy he gained is apparent in his photographs of the villagers’ daily struggle to draw life from exhausted soil.
Entitled , this view of his own children entering a forest clearing became one of his most famous photographs.
It concluded the landmark photographic exhibition “The Family of Man,” which Edward Steichen organized for the Museum of Modern Art in New York in 1955.
Almost simultaneously, he began a series of photographs of New York street scenes taken from the window of his loft on Sixth Avenue.
Part of the series was published in (1975), deals with the residents of a Japanese fishing village who suffered poisoning and gross disfigurement from the mercury wastes of a nearby chemical company.
Other important photo-essays include in 1955 to pursue freelance work.
In 1956 he began an ambitious photo-essay on the city of Pittsburgh.