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There are various discussions about utilitarianism but the most discussed one is the fact that, it is held to be the view that morally right action is the action that produces the most good.
Mill explains at length that the sentiment of justice is actually based on utility, and that rights exist only because they are necessary for human happiness.
The theory of utilitarianism has been criticized for many reasons.
Mill argues that utilitarianism coincides with "natural" sentiments that originate from humans' social nature.
Therefore, if society were to embrace utilitarianism as an ethic, people would naturally internalize these standards as morally binding.
The fourth chapter discusses methods of proving the validity of utilitarianism.
In his fifth chapter, Mill writes about the connection between justice and utility, and argues that happiness is the foundation of justice.
In his second chapter, Mill discusses the definition of utilitarianism, and presents some misconceptions about the theory.
The third chapter is a discussion about the ultimate sanctions (or rewards) that utilitarianism can offer.
Also pleasures that are very important to one should be should be weighed more heavily as opposed to the ones that are less important.
Mills also stated that things such as one’s achievement of goals should be considered as part of their happiness.