Essay Logical Analysis Test

Essay Logical Analysis Test-26
Below, we've chosen two examples of evidence, two examples of reasoning, and two examples of stylistic/persuasive elements you can use as stellar evidence to support your thesis.For each example below, we also show you how you can use the type of evidence to support your thesis across a range of prompts.

Below, we've chosen two examples of evidence, two examples of reasoning, and two examples of stylistic/persuasive elements you can use as stellar evidence to support your thesis.For each example below, we also show you how you can use the type of evidence to support your thesis across a range of prompts.When an author discusses own personal experience or personal experience of someone they know or have heard of, that's anecdotal evidence.

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Here are a couple of examples of statistics from an official SAT essay prompt, "Let There Be Dark" by Paul Bogard: Factual evidence can also be in the form of non-numerical information.

Often, you'll see facts presented with references to the research study, survey, expert, or other source from which they're drawn.

By presenting information and facts, rather than just opinion and spin, Bogard empowers the reader to connect the dots on her own, which in turn gives the reader ownership over the argument and makes it more persuasive (since the reader is coming to the same conclusions on her own, rather than entirely relying on Bogard to tell her what to think).

Another form of evidence that is often used as an alternative to actual facts or statistics is the anecdote.

Here's another example from "Let There Be Dark": Facts and statistics are persuasive argument building techniques because the author isn't just making up reasons for why his/her argument could possibly be true—there's actually something (data, research, other events/information) that backs up the author's claim.

In the case of the examples above, Bogard presents specific data about issues with light pollution (8 in 10 children won't be able to see the Milky Way, light in the sky increases 6% annually) to back up his statements that light pollution is real, then goes on to present further information that indicates light pollution is a problem (working the night shift puts humans at risk for cancer).

The discussion (and subsequent neutralization) of counterarguments is found in prompts across all subject areas.

A counterargument or counterclaim is simply another point of view that contradicts (either fully or partially) the author's own argument.

This argument-building technique is particularly common in essays written about scientific or social studies-related topics, where specific data and facts are readily available.

Statistics usually show up in the form of specific numbers related to the topic at hand—maybe as percents, or maybe as a way to communicate other data.

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