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Car manufacturers are developing cars that drive themselves; some U. states are drafting legislation that would allow autonomous vehicles on the roads. In 1952 Turing was prosecuted for gross indecency, as being gay was then a crime in Britain. It’s believed that this caused depression, and in 1954 Turing committed suicide by eating an apple poisoned with cyanide.
Ian blogs about the history and future of computing at The Universal Machine.
You can follow him on twitter @driwatson, Google , or Facebook.
He devised the : A judge sitting at a computer terminal types questions to two entities, one a person and the other a computer.
The judge decides which entity is human and which the computer.
There will positively be no internal alteration [of the computer] to be made even if we wish suddenly to switch from calculating the energy levels of the neon atom to the enumeration of groups of order 720.
How To Solve Vector Problems - Essay History Computer
It may appear somewhat puzzling that this can be done.One machine solving any problem, performing any task for which a program could be written—sound familiar? Back then, computers were people; they compiled actuarial tables and did engineering calculations.As the Allies prepared for World War II they faced a critical shortage of human computers for military calculations.One Homebrew member was a college dropout called Steve Wozniak who built a simple computer around the 8080 microprocessor, which he hooked up to a keyboard and television.His friend Steve Jobs called it the Apple I and found a Silicon Valley shop that wanted to buy 100 of them for 0 each.Slowly word spread about Turing’s genius, his invention of the computer and artificial intelligence, and after a petition campaign in 2009, the British Prime Minister Gordon Brown issued a public apology that concluded: June 23, 2012 is the centenary of Alan Turing’s birth.I’m happy to say that finally Turing is getting the recognition he deserves, not just for his vital work in the war, but also for inventing the computer—the Universal Machine—that has transformed the modern world and will profoundly influence our future.Turing designed an electromechanical machine, called the Bombe, that searched through the permutations, and by the end of the war the British were able to read all daily German Naval Enigma traffic.It has been reported that Eisenhower said the contribution of Turing and others at Bletchley shortened the war by as much as two years, saving millions of lives.Car satellite navigation systems and Google search algorithms use AI.Apple’s Siri on the i Phone can understand your voice and intelligently respond.