Enlightenment Essay Conclusion

Enlightenment Essay Conclusion-61
Humanity’s position in modern capitalist societies was seen as problematic for a number of reasons, not least of these was the fact that Marx was writing from within the context of a Nietzschian view of the world that proclaimed that God was dead.

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Religious doctrine and teachings that had been upheld as objective truths and thus decided the way most people lived their lives were called into question.

These advances resulted in a new way of thinking and speaking about the world.

Historical development’s impact on philosophy was most evident in Hegel’s work and this had profound implications for thinking about the world and the way in which it was studied..

Hegel took the view that the revolution had not just influenced the way philosophy saw itself; it fundamentally changed the way philosophers dealt with reality and history.

Marx was convinced that capitalist society was dominated by class conflict.

Marx’s endeavours were motivated by man’s alienation from himself in modern capitalist society and his investigations were directed towards the understanding and critique of capitalism.It will then give a summary of Adorno and Horkheimer’s critique of the Enlightenment and of capitalist culture, it will also assess how far this is a convincing argument.The new scientific view of the world which first emerged in late 17th Century Europe questioned previously held ways of knowing and thinking about the world.Martin (1969) is of the opinion that this basic moral stance towards the condition of man in modern society was common to all the founding fathers of sociology.Marx’s argument was based on the dehumanisation and alienation of the worker under capitalist society.refers to an historical period dating from the end of the seventeenth century to the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries.The Enlightenment Project refers to the ideas debated by philosophers and the scientific communities in the educated or enlightened parts of the world.This influenced thinkers all over Europe who already nurtured ideals of equality and progress.Hegel viewed the individual as a subject within history and history as developmental and thus liberative.The German philosopher Karl Marx criticised Hegel because he believed that Hegel and the other philosophers dealt only in the realm of ideas and neglected the experience of the human subject.Hegel belonged to a circle in Germany known as the German Idealists.


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