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The leadership feared the potential of a Sino-American alliance against them and believed it necessary to improve relations with the United States.Improved relations with China had already thawed the general American view of Communism.The latter in particular, with its mutual recognition of post-World War II borders and implicitly spheres of domination, represented a major victory against what the Kremlin labeled revanchism (from the French for “revenge,” usually motivated by ambitions to recover lost territory).
Several bi- and multi-lateral agreements punctuated the period of détente.
Among them, the Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty (SALT I) of 1972 and the 35-nation Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe leading to the so-called Helsinki Accords (1975) generally are regarded as the most significant.
This ultimately led to the signing of the SALT I treaty in 1972.
SALT I is the common name for the Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty Agreement, but also known as Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty.
Earlier in the 1960s, before Détente, the Partial Test Ban Treaty had been signed in 1963.
The Treaty Banning Nuclear Weapon Tests In The Atmosphere, In Outer Space And Under Water, often abbreviated as the Partial Test Ban Treaty (PTBT), Limited Test Ban Treaty (LTBT), or Nuclear Test Ban Treaty (NTBT) (although the latter also refers to the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty) is a treaty prohibiting all test detonations of nuclear weapons except underground.
The most important treaties were not developed until the advent of the Nixon Administration, which came into office in 1969.
The Political Consultative Committee of the Warsaw Pact sent an offer to the West, urging to hold a summit on "security and cooperation in Europe." The West agreed and talks began towards actual limits in the nuclear capabilities of the two superpowers.
One clause of the treaty required both countries to limit the sites protected by an anti-ballistic missile (ABM) system to one.
The Soviet Union had deployed such a system around Moscow in 1966 and the United States announced an ABM program to protect twelve ICBM sites in 1967. built only one ABM site to protect a Minuteman base in North Dakota where the "Safeguard Program" was deployed.