The Ghibellines were mostly supporters of the German emperor and at the time Dante was born, were relieved of their power.
The Inferno is the first of three parts of Dante’s epic poem, The Divine Comedy, which depicts an imaginary journey through Hell, Purgatory, and Paradise.
Dante is the hero, who loses his way in the “dark woods” and journeys to nine regions arranged around the wall of a huge funnel in nine concentric circles representing Hell.
In 1310 he writes De Monarchia presenting Dante’s case for a one-ruler world order.
Among his works, his reputation rests on his last work, The Divine Comedy.