There is a great deal of misunderstanding regarding the topic of critical thinking.
Due to the popular definition and understanding of the word critical, many people think that either critical thinking has to do with criticizing supporters of an issue or that thinking about the issue is of vital importance to the future of the issue.
While the results might provide some insight, these answers will also likely have some limitations.
Example: Researchers may simplify the conditions under which an experiment occurs, compared to the real world, in order to be able to more easily investigate what is going on.
According to The Critical Thinking Community (criticalthinking.org), a website operated by the Foundation for Critical Thinking, this confusion extends to university professors as well.
In truth, critical thinking is the art of understanding, analyzing and evaluating a subject or issue.
(You might have to read a text through once to get a basic grasp of content before you launch into an intensive critical reading.) THE KEY IS THIS: When you are reading, highlighting, or taking notes, avoid extracting and compiling lists of evidence, lists of facts and examples. How is the evidence (the facts, examples, etc.) used and interpreted?
Avoid approaching a text by asking “What information can I get out of it?
Part of becoming a successful critical reader is being able to translate the thoughts you had whilst reading into your writing.
Below are some written examples of the observations a critical reader may make whilst commenting on various issues in text.