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Virtue ethics is a broad term for theories that emphasize the role of character and virtue in moral philosophy rather than either doing one’s duty or acting in order to bring about good consequences.A virtue ethicist is likely to give you this kind of moral advice: “Act as a virtuous person would act in your situation.” Most virtue ethics theories take their inspiration from Aristotle who declared that a virtuous person is someone who has ideal character traits.Virtue ethics also does not provide guidance on how we should act, as there are no clear principles for guiding action other than “act as a virtuous person would act given the situation.” Lastly, the ability to cultivate the right virtues will be affected by a number of different factors beyond a person's control due to education, society, friends and family.
An agent-based theory emphasizes that virtues are determined by common-sense intuitions that we as observers judge to be admirable traits in other people.
Finally, the ideas of Alasdair Mac Intyre acted as a stimulus for the increased interest in virtue.
Mac Intyre's project is as deeply critical of many of the same notions, like ought, as Anscombe and Williams.
Taking her inspiration from Aristotle, she called for a return to concepts such as character, virtue and flourishing.
She also emphasized the importance of the emotions and understanding moral psychology.