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The past three presidents who were defeated in their reelection efforts — Ford in 1976, Carter in 1980, and Bush in 1992 — all faced significant nomination challenges.Even though all three prevailed, the internal party conflicts weakened them for the general election.
This outcome was the result of an aggressive and polished performance by Romney coupled with a lackluster effort by Obama.
Over the next month, Obama crept back to a slight lead in the polls, and electoral college projections made just prior to the election showed that Romney was in the difficult position of needing to win nearly all of the highly competitive states in order to command an electoral college majority (Silver 2012).
1.1 How a President is Nominated and Elected The Conventions.
Earlier,each party selects delegates by primaries, conventions,committees,etc.
Because the president appeared vulnerable, a number of Republicans desired their party's presidential nomination.
Twelve candidates announced their candidacy, although some withdrew before the first contest — the Iowa caucuses — occurred in early January.The convention then votes n a platform, drawn up by the platform committee.By the third or fourth day, presidential nominations begin.Mitt Romney, who was a strong contender for the 2008 Republican presidential nomination, was considered to be the early front-runner.He led all candidates in fund raising and led most of the early polls (Norrander 2013).The chairman calls the roll of states alphabetically.A state may place a candidate in nomination or yield to another state.Further information about turnout in 2012, including turnout estimates for each state and comparisons to previous years, is available online.l Election Presidential Election ( a mythmaking championship) America is divided . The national conventions of both major parties are held during the summer of a presidential election year.Mid-September polls had him ahead of Romney by about 4 points, and by late September it appeared that the election might be slipping away from Romney (Schier and Box-Steffensmeier 2013).However, Romney quickly closed the gap by decisively winning the first presidential debate, held on October 3, by a better than 2-to-1 margin in the post-debate polls (Jones 2012b).